Alternatives to Democracy in Twentieth-Century Europe: Collectivist Visions of Modernity (Hardcover)

Alternatives to Democracy in Twentieth-Century Europe: Collectivist Visions of Modernity By Sabrina P. Ramet Cover Image

Alternatives to Democracy in Twentieth-Century Europe: Collectivist Visions of Modernity (Hardcover)

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Alternatives to Democracy in Twentieth-Century Europe examines the historical examples of Soviet Communism, Italian Fascism, German Nazism, and Spanish Anarchism, suggesting that, in spite of their differences, they had some key features in common, in particular their shared hostility to individualism, representative government, laissez faire capitalism, and the decadence they associated with modern culture. But rather than seeking to return to earlier ways of working these movements and regimes sought to design a new future - an alternative future - that would restore the nation to spiritual and political health. The Fascists, for their part, specifically promoted palingenesis, which is to say the spiritual rebirth of the nation.
The book closes with a long epilogue, in which Ramet defends liberal democracy, highlighting its strengths and advantages. In this chapter, the author identifies five key choke points, which would-be authoritarians typically seek to control, subvert, or instrumentalize: electoral rules, the judiciary, the media, hate speech, and surveillance, and looks at the cases of Viktor Orb n's Hungary, Jaroslaw Kaczyński's Poland, and Donald Trump's United States.
Sabrina P. Ramet is a Professor of Political Science at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway. She is also a member of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, and a Research Associate of the Science and Research Center of the Republic of Slovenia, Koper. She is the author of 13 scholarly books.
Product Details ISBN: 9789633863091
ISBN-10: 9633863090
Publisher: Central European University Press
Publication Date: June 12th, 2019
Pages: 492
Language: English