Ecohydrology emerges as a new field of research aiming at furthering our understanding of the earth system through the study of the interactions between the water cycle and vegetation. By combining the analysis of biotic and abiotic components of terrestrial ecosystems, this volume provides a synthesis of material on arid and semiarid landscapes, which is currently spread in a number of books and journal articles. The focus on water-limited ecosystems is motivated by their high sensitivity to daily, seasonal, and decadal perturbations in water availability, and by the ecologic, climatic, and economic significance of most of the drylands around the world.
Conceived as a tool for scientists working in the area of the earth and environmental sciences, this book presents the basic principles of eco-hydrology as well as a broad spectrum of topics and advances in this research field. The chapters collected in this book have been contributed by authors with different expertise, who work in several arid areas around the World. They describe the various interactions among the biological and physical dynamics in dryland ecosystems, starting from basic processes in the soil-vegetation-climate system, to landscape-scale hydrologic and geomorphic processes, ecohydrologic controls on soil nutrient dynamics, and multiscale analyses of disturbances and patterns.
Paolo D'Odorico received his Ph.D. from the University of Padua. He is a Professor of Hydrology at the University of California, Berkeley. His is currently investigating the role of hydrological processes in the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems and societies, with a focus on ecohydrological feedback, ecosystem stability, desertification, and water use for food and energy production. He is the author of more than 200 peer-reviewed research papers, and co-author of "Noise-Induced Phenomena in the Environmental Sciences" (2011, Cambridge University Press), "Elements of Physical Hydrology, Second Edition" (2014, Johns Hopkins University Press), and "Global Deforestation" (2016, Cambridge University Press).Christiane Runyan received her PhD in Environmental Science, with a focus on Hydrology, from the University of Virginia in 2013. Currently, she teaches Hydrology and Water Resources as well as Global Land Use Change at Johns Hopkins University. Her research focuses on how deforestation affects hydrological and biogeochemical processes. In 2016, she published a book on the issues surrounding deforestation entitled 'Global Deforestation' (2016, Cambridge University Press).Amilcare Porporato holds a PhD from the Polytechnic of Turin and is currently the Thomas J Wu '94 Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Princeton University's Environmental Institute. His research interests include nonlinear and stochastic dynamical systems, land-atmosphere interaction, ecohydrology and biogeochemistry, sustainability and water resources and environmental thermodynamics. He is the author of more than 200 peer-reviewed research papers and co-author of the book Ecohydrology of water controlled ecosystems (Cambridge University Press).