Minurso - United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara: Peace Operation Stalled in the Desert, 1991-2021 (Africa@War) (Paperback)

Minurso - United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara: Peace Operation Stalled in the Desert, 1991-2021 (Africa@War) By Janos Besenyo Cover Image

Minurso - United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara: Peace Operation Stalled in the Desert, 1991-2021 (Africa@War) (Paperback)

$29.95


Not On Our Shelves—Ships in 1-5 Days
In 1975 Spain relinquished control of its former colony of Spanish Sahara following a short conflict with the Polisario, the armed movement representing many of the native Sahrawi people. In the wake of Spain's withdrawal, neighboring Morocco and Mauritania divided and occupied the territory. In a fierce guerrilla war that saw the Polisario raid deep into Mauritania and even directly attack the capital city, the latter nation gave up any claim to Western Sahara in 1979 and withdrew. Morocco, however, chose to continue their occupation, building a massive berm stretching for hundreds of kilometers in an effort to contain the Polisario, and fighting continued until a ceasefire was agreed in 1991.

One key element of the 1991 agreement was that a UN supervised referendum would be conducted to determine the future of Western Sahara. To that end MINURSO (Mission des Nations Unies pour l'Organisation d'un R f rendum au Sahara Occidental) was created to oversee the ceasefire and organize the referendum. Over 30 years later, however, that referendum has still not taken place despite the original agreement and the involvement of some of the late twentieth century's leading diplomats, and contrary to its previous promises, Morocco is only willing to grant a "high degree of autonomy" in the occupied Western Sahara. The Sahrawis and Polisario refuse to accept this, thus the conflict remains unresolved and ever on the brink of reigniting.

The author of the book, J nos Besenyő, a professor at buda University in Budapest, Hungary, and who served as a peacekeeper in MINURSO, presents the history of the area, the path leading to the creation of the mission, and its operation over the past three decades, and provides a detailed description of the mission's team sites and the opposing forces of the Polisario and Morocco. This book draws upon several previously unpublished documents as well as previously unpublished photographs taken by peacekeepers. This book is recommended not only to military, foreign policy and diplomatic experts, but also to anyone interested in the history of the region, the events there, and the oldest peacekeeping operation in Africa.
Product Details ISBN: 9781804512067
ISBN-10: 1804512060
Publisher: Helion & Company
Publication Date: July 17th, 2023
Pages: 66
Language: English
Series: Africa@War