The study of sediments like silt, sand and clay is referred to as sedimentology. It also studies the processes which result in their formation, transportation, deposition and diagenesis. The main types of sedimentary rocks which are studied in this field include carbonates, evaporites and clastics. Carbonates are made up of various carbonate minerals such as calcium carbonate. The evaporation of water at the surface of the Earth results in the formation of evaporites. The particles that are derived from the weathering and erosion of precursor rocks make clastic rocks. There are numerous methods used within this field to gather data and evidence on the nature and depositional conditions of sedimentary rocks. A few of them are sequence stratigraphy, describing the lithology of the rock and analyzing the geochemistry of the rock. The topics included in this book on sedimentology are of utmost significance and bound to provide incredible insights to readers. It aims to shed light on some of the unexplored aspects of this field. This book attempts to assist those with a goal of delving into this field.