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The Submerged State: How Invisible Government Policies Undermine American Democracy (Paperback)

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"Keep your government hands off my Medicare " Such comments spotlight a central question animating Suzanne Mettler's provocative and timely book: why are many Americans unaware of government social benefits and so hostile to them in principle, even though they receive them? The Obama administration has been roundly criticized for its inability to convey how much it has accomplished for ordinary citizens. Mettler argues that this difficulty is not merely a failure of communication; rather it is endemic to the formidable presence of the "submerged state."

In recent decades, federal policymakers have increasingly shunned the outright disbursing of benefits to individuals and families and favored instead less visible and more indirect incentives and subsidies, from tax breaks to payments for services to private companies. These submerged policies, Mettler shows, obscure the role of government and exaggerate that of the market. As a result, citizens are unaware not only of the benefits they receive, but of the massive advantages given to powerful interests, such as insurance companies and the financial industry. Neither do they realize that the policies of the submerged state shower their largest benefits on the most affluent Americans, exacerbating inequality. Mettler analyzes three Obama reforms-student aid, tax relief, and health care-to reveal the submerged state and its consequences, demonstrating how structurally difficult it is to enact policy reforms and even to obtain public recognition for achieving them. She concludes with recommendations for reform to help make hidden policies more visible and governance more comprehensible to all Americans.

The sad truth is that many American citizens do not know how major social programs work-or even whether they benefit from them. Suzanne Mettler's important new book will bring government policies back to the surface and encourage citizens to reclaim their voice in the political process.

About the Author


Suzanne Mettler is the Clinton Rossiter Professor of American Institutions at Cornell University. Her most recent book is "Soldiers to Citizens: The G.I. Bill and the Making of the Greatest Generation."
Product Details
ISBN: 9780226521657
ISBN-10: 0226521656
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Publication Date: October 1st, 2011
Pages: 163
Language: English
Series: Chicago Studies in American Politics

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